Latin Stories 

The following story is an excerpt of "Genealogiae" ("Genealogies") - also known as "Fabulae" ("Fables") - written by Hyginus (2d century AD). You can do the following to take full advantage of this text:
** Click a Latin word to know more about its morphology: part of speech, gender, number, case, mood, tense, person, present and perfect stem, originating word,... The selected word and its explanation will show on top of the page. Click the "Back" button of your browser to return where you came from.
** Click the "English" button, or US flag, to see the translation of the related text.

Hercules killed his children and his wife in a mad rage inspired to him by Juno. As a punishment, he is ordered by Eurystheus, king of Argos, to perform twelve difficult tasks...
Infans cum esset, dracones duos duabus manibus necavit, quos Iuno miserat (...). Leonem Nemaeum() necavit, cuius pellem pro tegumento habuit.

Hydram Lernaeam Typhonis filiam cum capitibus novem ad fontem Lernaeum interfecit. Haec tantam vim veneni habuit, ut afflatu homines necaret, et si quis eam dormientem transierat, vestigia eius afflabat et maiori cruciatu moriebatur Hanc Minerva monstrante interfecit et exinteravit et eius felle sagittas suas tinxit; itaque quicquid postea sagittis fixerat, mortem non effugiebat, unde postea et ipse periit in Phrygia.
Cervum ferocem in Arcadia cum cornibus aureis vivum in conspectu Eurysthei regis adduxit.

Aves Stymphalides in insula Martis, quae emissis pennis suis iaculabantur, sagittis interfecit.

Augeae regis stercus bobile uno die purgavit, maiorem partem Iove adiutore; flumine ammisso totum stercus abluit.
Taurum, cum quo Pasiphae concubuit, ex Creta insula Mycenis vivum adduxit.
Diomedem Thraciae regem et equos quattuor eius, qui carne humana vescebantur, cum Abdero famulo interfecit; equorum autem nomina Podargus Lampon Xanthus Dinus.
Hippolyten Amazonam, Martis et Otrerae reginae filiam, cui reginae Amazonis balteum detraxit; tum Antiopam captivam Theseo donavit.
Geryonem Chrysaoris filium trimembrem uno telo interfecit.
Draconem immanem Typhonis filium, qui mala aurea Hesperidum servare solitus erat, ad montem Atlantem interfecit, et Eurystheo regi mala attulit.
Canem Cerberum Typhonis filium ab inferis regi in conspectum adduxit. 
(Printable version)

He killed with his hands the two monsters sent to him by Juno when he was only a baby (...). He killed the Nemean lion () whose skin he used as a protective cape. 
At the spring (fountain) of Lerna, he killed the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra, daughter of Typhon. Her poison was so strong that she could kill men with her breath; if someone happened to pass by her while she was sleeping, he would smell her footprint and die of the worst torment. With Minerva's help, he killed her, opened her stomach and soaked his arrows in her venom; then whatever would be hit by them would die and later on, Hercules himself would die (of it) in Phrygia.
He killed the Erymanthian wild boar. 
In Arkadia, he brought alive to the king Eurystheus a ferocious deer with golden horns. 

On Mars island, he killed with his arrows the Stymphalian birds that used their feathers as javelins. 

In one day, with a big help from Jupiter, he cleaned out the manure out of King Augias' stables; he washed away all the manure by diverting a river.
He brought alive the bull with whom Pasiphae had slept from Crete island to Mycenae. 
With his servant Abderus, he killed Diomedes, king of Thrace and his four horses, who used human flesh as food; the horses' names were Podargus, Lampon, Xanthus and Dinus. 
He removed the belt from the Amazon Queen, Hippolyte, daughter of Mars and of the queen Otrera; then he offered Antiope, made prisoner, as a present to Theseus. 
He used one spear to kill the triple-membered Geryon, son of Chrysaor. 
Near the mount Atlas, he killed the son of Typhon, a monstrous dragon that was guarding the golden apples of the Hesperides; he brought the apples to the king Eurystheus. 
From Hades, he also brought to the king's sight the dog Cerberus, son of Typhon. 


 © Anotek, Inc.  - Copyright 1999 - Patent Pending

Revised: January 28, 2002
Copyright © 1996 Anotek, Inc.


Herculis noun masculine, genitive,singular Hercules, Herculis Hercules
athla noun neuter, nominative, plural athlon, athli the labors, the works
duodecim cardinal numeral adjective indeclinable duodecim twelve
ab preposition + ablative a(b) by
Eurystheo noun masculine, ablative, singular Eurystheus, Eurysthei Eurystheus
imperata verb perfect, participle, neuter, nominative, plural impero (imperare), imperavi, imperatum imposed, ordered
infans noun masculine, nominative, singular infans, infantis baby
cum conjunction + subjunctive cum when
esset verb imperfect, subjunctive, third person, singular sum (esse), fui, - was
dracones noun masculine,accusative, plural draco, draconis the snakes, the dragons
duos cardinal numeral adjective masculine, accusative,plural duo, duae, duo two
duabus cardinal numeral adjective feminine, ablative, plural duo, duae, duo two
manibus noun feminine, ablative, plural manus, manus with his hands
necavit verb perfect, third person, singular neco (necare), necavi, necatum killed
quos relative pronoun masculine, accusative, plural qui, quae, quod that, which
Iuno noun feminine, nominative, singular Iuno, Iunonis Juno
miserat verb pluperfect, third person, singular mitto (mittere), misi, missum had sent
leonem noun masculine, accusative, singular leo, leonis lion
Nemaeum adjective masculine, accusative, singular Nemaeus, Nemaea, Nemaeum Nemeian
cuius relative pronoun masculine, genitive, singular qui, quae, quod of which
pellem noun feminine, accusative, singular pellis, pellis the skin
pro preposition + ablative pro in place of, like, as, for
tegumento noun neuter, ablative, singular tegumentum, tegumenti a cover, a protection
habuit verb perfect, third person, singular habeo (habere), habui, habitum had
hydram noun feminine, accusative, singular hydra, hydrae hydra
Lernaeam adjective feminine, accusative, singular Lernaeus, Lernaea, Lernaeum of Lerna
Typhonis noun feminine, nominative, singular Typhonis, Typhonidis daughter of Typhon
filiam noun feminine, accusative, singular filia, filiae the daughter
cum preposition + ablative cum with
capitibus noun neuter, ablative, plural caput, capitis heads
novem cardinal numeral adjective indeclinable novem nine
ad preposition + accusative ad to, near
fontem noun masculine, accusative, singular fons, fontis the source, the spring
interfecit verb perfect, third person, singular interficio (interficere), interfeci, interfectum killed
haec demonstrative pronoun feminine, nominative, singular hic, haec, hoc this one, this
tantam adjective feminine, accusative, singular tantus, tanta, tantum so much
vim noun feminine, accusative, singular vis, vis force, power, strenght
veneni noun neuter, genitive, singular venenum, veneni of poison
ut conjunction + subjunctive ut that, so that
afflatu noun masculine, ablative, singular afflatus, afflatus with her breath
homines noun masculine, accusative, singular homo, hominis the men, the mortals
necaret verb imperfect, subjunctive, third person, singular neco (necare), necavi, necatum could kill
et conjunction et and
si conjunction si if
quis indefinite pronoun masculine, nominative, singular quis, quid anyone, anybody
eam demonstrative pronoun feminine, accusative, singular is, ea, id her
dormientem verb present, participle, feminine, accusative, singular dormio (dormire), dormivi, dormitum sleeping, resting
transierat verb pluperfect, third person, singular transeo (transire), transii, transitum had crossed, had passed by
vestigia noun neuter, accusative, plural vestigium, vestigii the footsteps
eius demonstrative pronoun feminine, genitive, singular is, ea, id of her
afflabat verb imperfect, third person, singular afflo (afflare), afflavi, - was breathing
maiori = maiore comparative adjective masculine, ablative, singular magnus, magna, magnum biggest
cruciatu noun masculine, ablative, singular cruciatus, cruciatus torture, torment
moriebatur verb imperfect, third person, singular, deponent morior (mori), mortuus sum died, was dying
hanc demonstrative pronoun feminine, accusative, singular hic, haec, hoc her
Minerva noun feminine, ablative, singular Minerva, Minervae Minerva
monstrante verb present, participle, feminine, ablative, singular monstro (monstrare), monstravi, monstratum showing, advising, instructing
exinteravit verb perfect, third person, plural exintero (exinterare), exinteravi, exinteratum tortured, tormented, disemboweled
felle noun neuter, ablative, singular fel, fellis with the poison, with the venom
sagittas noun feminine, accusative, plural sagitta, sagittae the arrows
suas possessive adjective feminine, accusative, third person, plural suus, sua, suum his
tinxit verb perfect, third person, singular tingo (tingere), tinxi, tinctum dipped, soaked
itaque conjunction itaque and so, therefore
quicquid indefinite pronoun neuter, accusative, singular quisquis, quicquid whoever, whatever
postea adverb postea thereafter, afterwards, next
sagittis noun feminine, ablative, plural sagiita, sagittae with his arrows
fixerat verb pluperfect, third person, singular figo (figere), fixi, fictum had pierced, had hit
mortem noun feminine, accusative, singular mors, mortis the death
non adverb non not
effugiebat verb imperfect, third person, singular effugio (effugere), effugi, effugitum got off, escaped
unde adverb unde how, from which
ipse demonstratif pronoun masculine, nominative, singular ipse, ipsa, ipsum himself
periit verb perfect, third person, singular pereo (perire), peri(v)i, peritum died
in preposition + ablative in in
Phrygia noun feminine, ablative, singular Phrygia, Phrygiae Phrygia
aprum noun masculine, accusative, singular aper, apri the wild boar
Erymanthium adjective masculine, accusative, singular Erymanthius, Erymanthia, Erymanthium Erymanthian
occidit verb perfect, third person, singular occido (occidere), occidi, occisum killed
cervum noun masculine, accusative, singular cervus, cervi the deer
ferocem adjective masculine, accusative, singular ferox, ferocis ferocious
Arcadia noun feminine, ablative, singular Arcadia, Arcadiae Arcadia
cornibus noun neuter, ablative, plural cornu, cornus horns
aureis adjective neuter, ablative, plural aureus, aurea, aureum golden
vivum adjective masculine, accusative, singular vivus, viva, vivum alive
conspectu noun masculine, ablative, singular conspectus, conspectus sight, view
Eurysthei noun masculine, genitive, singular Eurystheus, Eurysthei Eurystheus
regis noun masculine, genitive, singular rex, regis of the king
adduxit verb perfect, third person, singular adduco (adducere), adduxi, adductum brought
aves noun feminine, accusative, plural avis, avis the birds
Stymphalides adjective feminine, accusative, plural Stymphalis, Stymphalis, Stymphale Stymphalian
insula noun feminine, ablative, singular insula, insulae the island
Martis noun masculine, genitive, singular Mars, Martis of Mars
quae relative pronoun feminine, nominative, plural qui, quae, quod which, that
emissis verb perfect, participle, feminine, ablative, plural emitto (emittere), emisi, emissum dropped
pennis noun feminine, ablative, plural penna, pennae with the feathers
suis possessive pronoun feminine, ablative, third person, plural suus, sua, suum their
iaculabantur verb imperfect, third person, plural, deponent iaculor (iaculari), - were throwing, were shooting
Augeae noun masculine (irreg), genitive, singular Augeas, Augeae Augeas
stercus noun neuter, accusative, singular stercus, stercus the manure
bobile adjective neuter, accusative, singular bobilis, bobilis, bobile of the oxes
uno adjective masculine, ablative, singular unus, una, unum one
die noun masculine, ablative, singular dies, diei in a day
purgavit verb perfect, third person, singular purgo (purgare), purgavi, purgatum washed off, cleaned
maiorem comparative adjective feminine, accusative, singular magnus,magna, magnum biggest
partem noun feminine, accusative, singular pars, partis the part
Iove noun masculine, ablative, singular Iuppiter, Iovis Jupiter
adiutore noun masculine, ablative, singular adiutor, adiutoris helper, assistant
flumine noun neuter, ablative, singular flumen, fluminis with the river
ammisso = admisso verb perfect, participle, neuter, ablative, singular admitto (admittere), admisi, admissum diverted, brought to
totum adjective neuter, accusative, singular totus, tota, totum whole, complete, entire
abluit verb perfect, third person, singular abluo (abluere), ablui, ablutum washed away, cleansed
taurum noun masculine, accusative, singular taurus, tauri the bull
cum preposition + ablative cum with
quo relative pronoun masculine, ablative, singular qui, quae, quod whom, which
Pasiphae noun feminine, nominative, singular Pasiphae, Pasiphaes Pasiphae
concubuit verb perfect, third person, singular concumbo (concumbere), concubui, concubitum slept
ex preposition + ablative ex out of, from
Creta noun feminine, ablative, singular Creta, Cretae Crete
insula noun feminine, ablative, singular insula, insulae island
Mycenis noun feminine, ablative, plural Mycene, Mycenes in Mycenae
vivum adjective masculine, accusative, singular vivus, viva,vivum alive
Diomedem noun masculine, accusative, singular Diomedes, Diomedis Diomedes
Thraciae noun feminine, genitive, singular Thracia, Thraciae of Thrace
regem noun masculine, accusative, singular rex, regis the king
equos noun masculine, accusative, plural equus, equi the horses
quattuor cardinal numeral adjective indeclinable quattuor four
eius demonstrative pronoun masculine, genitive, singular is, ea, id of him
qui relative pronoun masculine, nominative, plural qui, quae, qhod which, that
carne noun feminine, ablative, singular caro, carnis with meat, of meat
humana adjective feminine, ablative,singular humanus, humana, humanum human
vescebantur verb imperfect, third person, plural, deponent vescor (vesci), - used as food, took for foood
Abdero noun masculine, ablative, singular Abderus, Abderi Abderus
famulo noun masculine, ablative, singular famulus, famuli the servant
equorum noun masculine, genitive, plural equus, equi of the horses
autem adverb autem but, however
nomina noun neuter, nominative, plural nomen, nominis the names
Podargus noun masculine, nominative, singular Podargus, Podargi Podargus
Lampon noun masculine, nominative, singular Lampon, Lamponis Lampon
Xanthus noun masculine, nominative, singular Xanthus, Xanthi Xanthus
Dinus noun masculine, nominative, singular Dinus, Dini Dinus
Hippolyten noun feminine, accusative (irreg), singular Hippolyte, Hippolytes Hippolyte
Amazonam noun feminine, accusative, singular Amazona, Amazonae the Amazon
Otrerae noun feminine, genitive, singular Otrera, Otrerae Otrera
reginae noun feminine, genitive, singular regina, reginae of the queen
filiam noun feminine, accusative, singular filia, filiae the daughter
cui relative pronoun feminine, dative, singular qui, quae, qod which
reginae noun feminine, dative, singular regina, reginae to the queen
Amazonis noun feminine, dative, plural Amazona, Amazonae to the Amazons
balteum noun masculine, accusative, singular balteus, baltei the belt
detraxit verb perfect, third person, singular detraho (detrahere), detraxi, detractum removed, took away
tum adverb tum then, at that time
Antiopam noun feminine, accusative, singular Antiopa, Antiopae Antiope
captivam adjective feminine, accusative, singular captivus, captiva, captivum captive, prisoner
Theseo noun masculine, dative, singular Theseus, Thesei to Theseus
donavit verb perfect, third person, singular dono (donare), donavi, donatum gave as a prsent
Geryonem noun masculine, accusative, singular Geryo, Geryonis Geryon
Chrysaoris noun masculine, genitive, singular Chrysaor, Chrysaoris Chrysaor
filium noun masculine, accusative, singular filius, filii the son
trimembrem adjective masculine, accusative, singular trimembris, trimembris, trimembre triple-membered
uno adjective neuter, ablative, singular unus, una, unum one
telo noun neuter, ablative, singular telum, teli with a spear, with a javelin
draconem noun masculine, accusative, singular draco, draconis the dragon
immanem adjective masculine, accusative, singular immanis, immanis, immane immense, monstrous
Typhonis noun masculine, genitive, singular Typhon, Typhonis Typhon
qui relative pronoun masculine, nominative, singular qui, quae, quod which, that, who
mala noun neuter, accusative, plural malum, mali the apples
aurea adjective neuter, accusative, plural aureus, aurea, aureum golden
Hesperidum noun feminine, genitive, plural Hesperides, Hesperidum the Hesperides
servare verb present, infinitive servo (servare), servavi, servatum to watch over, to keep. to guard, to protect
solitus erat verb pluperfect, indicative, third person, singular, semi-deponent soleo (solere), -, solitus sum had been used to
ad preposition + accusative ad to, near
montem noun masculine, accusative, singular mons, montis the mountain
Atlantem adjective masculine, accusative, singular Atlantis, Atlantis, Atlante of Atlas
Eurystheo noun masculine, dative, singular Eurystheus, Eurysthei to Eurystheus
regi noun masculine, dative, singular rex, regis the king
attulit verb perfect, third person, singular affero / adfero (afferre / adferre), attuli / adtuli, allatum / adlatum brought
canem noun masculine, accusative, singular canis, canis the dog
Cerberum noun masculine, accusative, singular Cerberus, Cerberi Cerberus
ab preposition + ablative a(b) from
inferis noun masculine, ablative, plural inferi, inferorum the lower world, the infernal regions
regi noun masculine, dative, singular rex, regis the king
in preposition + accusative in in, to
conspectum noun masculine, accusative, singular conspectus, conspectus sight, view